A medical speciality called gastroenterology studies disorders of the digestive system. Diagnosing and treating conditions affecting the oesophagus, stomach, intestines, liver, biliary tract, and pancreas are the responsibilities of gastroenterologists. GERD, gastric and duodenal ulcers, malignant tumours, inflammatory bowel diseases, colorectal cancer, and rectal abnormalities are a few of the most prevalent conditions they have to deal with.
The less intrusive option for a laparotomy is this. It is typically performed for diagnostic purposes in order to search for issues that imaging tests have been unable to detect. During the procedure, the surgeon may collect tissue samples for a biopsy. During the laparoscopy, they could also be able to treat small issues, including removing growths or obstructions that they discover during the examination.